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BEARS IN THE WORLD
BEARS : ACTUALITIES
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Copyright Luis Arturo Roman - No tax free
 
Map of repartition of bears species
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POLAR BEAR

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Copyright Alain Pons


Did you know that at birth, we weigh only 600-700gr. Incredible ! no !

We open our eyes 33 days after. We stay in a warm place with our mother until we weigh 8-12 kgs.

How it's nice to finally go out. We discover the white immensity.

It's wonderful to play in the snow ! We roll and tumble with our mother. We are in our element. After we go to our ice floe, we cross rivers, forests and lakes before we find hunting places.

Our mother protect us, defends us against danger.She teaches us hunting, above all to hunt seals the fisrt two years.Our family cover many kilometers to find our hunting place.We have to stop to rest. During our sleep, our mother is awake.


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The Polar bear is one of the biggest mammals of the planet.

This lonely animal which lives only in the northern Hemispheres's polar areas, has no territory. He prowls about the ice floe, looking for prey.

* 3 metres : It's the Polar bear's height, stood up on his hindlegs. A female adult weighs about 300kgs and a male 450 kgs.

* 80kgs : It's the food amount that a polar bear can swallow in one meal. Polar bears are successfull only in ten fights. He sometimes stays ten days without eating.

*121 days, It's time that Polar bears are in the water per year

* 3200 kilomètres : It's the distance that a polar bear covers every year to find his prey on the ice floe.

Polar bear does'nt eat a variety of foods. He eats a lot during the four spring months. The rest of the year is a diet period. His prey are essentialy seals ans walms.

Good swimmers, polar bears go under the icefloe just to hunt. Thanks to his good sense of smell, he prefers to stalk his prey by the icefloe holes : he gives them a often deadly blow of paws.

AMERICAN BLACK BEAR


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American black bear looks like a little brown bear.

Both young and adult climb well into the trees and eat plants, decaying carcasses and fish. Per day he eats 5/8 kgs.

Black bears couple in june. Young black bears are born in january/february. As we said, the black bear is a climber : he climbs by surrounding the trunk with its forelegs.

There are two bears from the family of the American black bear which are rare and less known : they are the Kermode bear and the blue bear.

See the articles that I made about them in the same topic : " The bears through the world ".


The KERMODE BEAR or THE SPIRIT BEAR

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This black bear which became white, is a bear from the black bears family, having a recessive gene.We only find it on the north coast of the British Columbia in Canada.

It's not a polar bear. Canadian researchers have studied it.

It's not an albino but a rather white form of the black bear.
According to an amerindian legend, the " spirit bear " lives on the canadian west coast.

This legend says that, when there was the recess of the icebound, the " creator raven " flew over the rainwater forests of the coast stopping on an island with black bears : the raven changed the fur of each tenth bear into white.

 

The Kermode bear is one specie in danger with a population of about 400 specimen.
 

© Fabrice Simon - Kermode bear


THE BLUE BEAR OR THE GLACIER BEAR

 

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There is few documentation and pictures about this wonderful bear from the family of the American black bear.

I pull out my main informations from the beautiful book of Lynn Schooler : " The blue bear" .

As Lynn Schooler says : " We only find this blue bear or glacier bear in Alaska in the coastal stretch of 800 kilometres between The Prince William Sound in the North west and Ketchikan in the South.

The only official census ever made, estimate that blue bears are about hundred in this area.


This bear " has the colour of a winter sky, it has the same pale blue-grey that the granite blocks that the glaciers leave when they are removing, and this bear leave only in Alaska."








© John Hyde - Picture of Lynn Schooler's book - The blue bear

This photograph was taken by Lynn schooler ( see his portrait in my topic "portraits and interviews ")
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Here is what he says in his book : " We can spend our own life to go over the fjords and the fields of ice of Alaska without seeing one blue bear. Writing these lines, I had a look on my photograph (the one you can see above)

It's a second rate photograph - fuzzy and bad composed - and nevertheless it's one of my precious material ownership.

This photograph is precious for me, not only because it's one of a blue bear ( and there is much less blue bear photographs in this world than canary yellow diamond) but because I had to track down the blue bear during almost ten years before to take this photograph.

In a word and above all, when I took this photograph, It was just in a second, ten years of friendship with an exceptionnal man ( Michio Hoshino).Moreover all the story of his book can be summed up in this photograph.


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Brown bears ( named Grizzli in America) .

There were a long time ago, many brown bears all over North America, a big part of Europe,and north of Asia. Actually, we can find brown bears in Alaska, Canada and Russia as well.

Bear is prepared for these diet months, because he made reservs during summer and automn.

So it's happens that he weighs fourty per cent more in summer than in spring when he emerges from its den skin and bones.Brown bears are omnivorous. 70% to 80% of their food are plants.

They like twigs, baby trees, acorns, fruits and of course honey. They eat ten or twenty kgs of food per day. They also like other animal meat and are also good fishers.

I invite you to go to a well-documented web site about Kodiak brown bear: Click here

GRIZZLI BEAR
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The grizzli is a brow bear, living in little inhabited mountainous areas of North America, Alaska, Canada and in some american parks.

Even it looks like a big teddy bear, don't mistake, it's one of the strongest wild animals.He dominates all its predators.Its only enemies are the hunters.

I suggest to download the identity card of the grizzly I made with documents you'll find in the bibliography. Click here


 

The grizzlis are good hunters :

In summer, the grizzlis go down the mountains to join the torrents where salmons come to reproduce themselves.

The grizzlis go over many kilometres to get food to reconstitue their reserve of grease before the following winter.

It's only possible to see a lot of bears in the same place, in Alaska. The bearcubs never saw many adults bears around them.They observe the adults fishing from far.

Staying still on rocks, the grizzlis watch for the salmons jumping out of water. The grizzli bear catch only one salmon at the same time, eats about 15 salmons a day.

At mid-november, the first snow recovers the ground and the bears join their den. They will sleep during four and five months in winter.

The bear temperature falls down to 4 degrees and its heart beats ten times less than in summer.



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Tenderness in family

The grizzli female has only four or five litters in her life. In each litter, there are two or three bearcubs.

She takes care of her youngs during two years. She protects them and teaches them everything they will need when they will live on their own.

The bearcubs have one enemy : the great grizzli male.It can kill them with only one paw knock.

The female avoids him or doesn't hesitate to charge him to make him run away. The female takes refuge with her youngs on the mountains slopes.

But at the end of winter, she must look after her youngs so that they don't fall in a crevasse or in a torrent.

 

THE SLOTH BEAR



The sloth bear lives in east India and Sri Lanka.

He has a thick black coat, rough and dissheveled, with makes a kind of mane on the throat and shoulders.

With its long and curved claws, it can hang from the trees with its head belowIt is fundamentally nocturnal and omnivorous.

It doesn't hibernate but lairs to find loneliness and protection.

SPECTACLED BEAR

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Copyright Geneviève Hamelin


Spectacled bear lives in the west of the Andes from Venezuela to Bolivia.

Drawings around their eyes are different from one to the other.

Spectacled bear prefers humid forests and lives 3200m high.

It's a good climber : Its looks for palm-tree leaves and fruit.

SUN BEAR


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Sun Bear or the Malaisian bear lives in the south east Asia, essentially in the forests.

It's the smallest memner of the "Ursidés" family. It has a white mark on its breast.

It has a short fur and he looks like a sea-lion.

It's also a good climber. It's essentially nocturnal. It rests and sunbathes all day.

It's an omnivorous which eats tree fruit and can cause important damages in coconuts and cocoa plantations.

It also eats insects and honey that it finds by demolishing bee nests.


THE ASIAN BLACK BEAR OR MOON BEAR

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Copyright Geneviève Hamelin


The Asian black bear or moon bear lives in forests from Iran to Japan.

It is called "Selenactors or moon bear because of its breast marks.

It has often a mane of long hair.

Its ears are big and round. In winter, it only sleeps durins short periods.

It feeds itself with fruit, dryfruit and honey.

In case of danger , it rolls down the hills.


THE GIANT PANDA IS CONSIDERED AS A DIFFERENT BEAR
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The giant panda in looks and beahaviour only appears to be a bear.

It's in 1869, in bamboo forests closed to the Tibetan plateau,that Father Armand David discovered the giant panda.

It looked like a bear, with black-ring eyes and round ears. The Chinese people called it "cat bear". Father David put it in the "Ursidés" family


But, the following year, Mile Edwards, naturalist, examined its skeleton and formed that it looked similar to the one of the little panda, a kind of russet racoon, living in China which feeds itself with bamboo..

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Little red panda

He classed it in raccon's familit or "Procyonidés"

Which one was right ? Whose family did the Giant Panda belonged to ?

It has the same size, the stocky silhouette, the strong claws as a bear.

But it has the same way of life, the same vegetarian diet, the same form of head, and the same herbivorous molars as a little panda.


 

The only chromosomal studies have absolutely allowed to identify the Giant Panda. It's the only representative member of a bears branch = the "Ailuropodidés". This beautiful black and white animal, which became rare, is a "Special Bear".

So, The Giant Panda, the bear cousin, lives in south-west of China, in "Gansu and Sichan" montainous areas with bamboo forests



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With its teddy bear appearance, nonchalant and lonely, its passes its time eating and sleeping.It's unfortunately becoming anextinct species.

The giant Panda doesn't need a den, because its thick fur protect it against cold and humidity.

To make itself understood by its fellow creature, its uses three expression methods : sounds, corporal attitude and smells. It sniffs and breathes to express its confusion.

Its barks and whistles to express its state of excitement. To be happy, the giant panda needs a bamboo forest. 99% of its food is bamboo.

To compensate the small food value of this plant, it has to esat astronomical quantities of bamboo in a day, until 45% of its own weight.

The two thirds of the giant panda population lives today in reserves.

Most part of the giant panda's life is devoted to the food. First, alone, it is searching food.

After, sometimes during twelve hours, it stays sitting on its hindquarters, tasting this precious plant.

May be this diet explains why, coutrary to most of bears, the Giant Panda doesn't slow down its activity in winter
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As the female bear, the female panda has a various lasting gestation.

According to natural conditions (forecast, food...) or social(attacks, migrations..),the ovum can stagnate some months before to nest and grow in the uterus.

In captivity, there is a more various lasting gestation (from 80 to 180 days )

Live in reserves is their only chance to survey.

During six months, the female giant panda suckles its baby which most of the time is unique.

In case of danger, it's ill take to flight bringing it in its mouth.

At birth, the baby is as so big as a rat and weighs 100gr.


Creation date : 25/10/2007 : 20:36
Last update : 02/12/2012 : 08:34
Category : BEARS IN THE WORLD - Different species
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